Be Practical

If you lack the courage to start,
you have already finished.
Ideas won’t work unless ‘you’ do.


Partition of India – How and Why

Formulated at the initiative of Clement Richard Attlee (PM 1945-1951), Cabinet Mission of 1946 aimed at transfer of power from the British Government to the Indian leadership, with the aim of preserving India’s unity and granting it independence. The British wanted to keep India and its Army united, so as to keep it in their system of imperial defence even after granting it independence.

The plan was:
1. The Muslim-majority provinces would be grouped, with Sindh, Punjab, Baluchistan and North West Frontier Province (now Khyber Pakhtunkhwa) forming Group-1-a, and Bengal and Assam would form Group-1-b.
2. The Hindu-majority provinces in central and southern India would form Group-2.
3. The central government, stationed in Delhi, would be empowered to handle nationwide affairs, such as defence, currency and diplomacy, and the rest of powers and responsibility would belong to the provinces, coordinated by groups.
4. Independent states to decide their future according to will of their people. States where Muslim majority was over 70% were (a) Jammu Kashmir (including Jammu, Kashmir, Poonch, Baltistan, Gilgit, Astor, Laddakh, Bhaderwah and Chenani) in the North-West India. (b) Hyderabad and Sikanderabad in South India

Elections to assembly in India were held during 1945 -1946 in which Muslim League won 30 out of 30 seats of Muslim majority areas getting 90% votes while Gongress won 57 out of 60 seats reserved. In Provincial assemblies Muslim League won 54 out of 66 seats in Upper Province, 13 out of 14 in Central Province, 4 out of 4 in Urissa, 30 out of 30 in Bombay (now Mumbai), 33 out of 34 in Assam, 33 out of 40 in Behar. In developed areas of Upper Province. Congress, which claimed to be a secular party, was able to secure less than 1% votes of Muslims.
Muslim League had one word manifesto of “Pakistan”

The Viscount Mountbatten of Burma was appointed Viceroy of India on February 21, 1947.
The first man Lord Mountbatten met after arrival was Hindu Raja of Bikaneer and the second Pandit Jawahar Lal Nehru whom he asked about Mr Muhammad Ali Jinnah. Nehru informed him,
“Mr Jinnah entered politics very late. Earlier he was of no significance. Lord Wavell (Viceroy 1943 to Feb 20, 1947) committed a big mistake of making Muslim League part of the cabinet. Muslim League creates obstacles in the work of national interest.” Later, on advice of Mr Nehru, Lord Mountbatten appointed as his advisor Vengalil Krishnan Krishna Menon, *a stanch Hindu member of Congress*.
Chief Minister of Assam, Gopi Chand wrote to high command of Gongress, “Rama O Rama! whole of Bengal, Assam, Punjab, Sindh, Baluchistan, Frontier Province will become invincible castle of Islam.” His words were: ”رام اے رام ۔ يہ تو ايک ناقابل تسخير اسلامی قلعہ بن گيا ۔ پورا بنگال ۔ آسام ۔ پنجاب ۔ سندھ ۔ بلوچستان ۔ صوبہ سرحد”۔
During next meeting to assess progress on Cabinet Mission Plan, Nehru sabotaging the plan announced, “Congress is not bound by any condition and may change the Plan at the time of forming the cabinet of India”.

Mr Jinnah was a shrewd person. He presented the formula of Independent Pakistan.

On advice of Mr Krishna Menan, in complete disregard of the joint agreement of division on the basis of provinces, Lord Mountbatten announced on June 3, 1947 the Partition Plan on basis of districts.

With Whom I Stand

I must stand with anybody who stands right;
Stand with him while he is right;

Part with him when he goes wrong.
I will stand by my belief. Always, yes always.


Behaviour of All India Congress

Indian National Congress was a brainchild of British Rulers of India. It was founded on 28 December 1885 by 72 individuals with the active help by A.O Hume, a retired British officer and was said to be a ‘representative’ party for the people of the Indian sub-continent. Indian National Congress was in fact created to keep Muslims subjugated. From the very start the Congress had shown its clear interest to safeguard the rights of Hindus, alone. Some of the Congress leaders openly adopted policy to establish Hindu Raj in the sub-continent.

The Muslims of India were greatly disappointed by the anti-Muslim stance that the Congress had adopted. The events following the partition of Bengal. Urdu-Hindi controversy strengthened the desire of the Muslims to organize themselves politically as a separate community. The birth of All India Muslim League at Dacca came as an expression of that desire for which a resolution was passed on 30th December 1906 by 3,000 delegates of Muslims from all over India. The resolution was presented by Nawab Salimullah Khan and seconded by Hakim Ajmal Khan, Maulana Muhammad Ali Johar and Maulana Zafar Ali.

Syed Ameer Ali organized the branch of Muslim league at London, the inaugural meeting for which was held on 6th May 1908, at London Caxton Hall. It was participated by the Muslims and those British people who favoured their view point.

Mr Muhammad Ali Jinnah, who was in England, was approached by Muslim League leaders to return to India.
He was elected President of All India Muslim League in 1933

The Lahore Resolution, commonly known as the Pakistan Resolution was drafted between 22nd to 24th March 1940, by the 25-member Working Committee of the All India Muslim League. It was presented by Maulvi A K Fazlul Haq and formally adopted by the Muslim League membership at its general session on 23 March 1940 at Minto Park (now Allama Iqbal Park), in Lahore. This resolution asked for greater Muslim autonomy within British India. However, later most people thought of this as a call for a separate Muslim state, Pakistan.

Today, the resolution’s importance is remembered in Pakistan, by Minar-e-Pakistan that stands in the Allama Iqbal Park, Lahore.
In the words of Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah: “Hindus and the Muslims belong to two different religions, philosophies, social customs and literature. They neither inter-marry nor inter-dine and, indeed, they belong to two different civilizations that are based mainly on conflicting ideas and conceptions. Their concepts on life and of life are different. It is quite clear that Hindus and Muslims derive their inspiration from different sources of history. They have different epics, different heroes and different episodes. Very often the hero of one is a foe of the other, and likewise, their victories and defeats overlap. To yoke together two such nations under a single state, one as a numerical minority and the other as a majority, must lead to growing discontent and final destruction of any fabric that may be so built up for the government of such a state. Muslims are a nation according to any definition of nation. We wish our people to develop to the fullest spiritual, cultural, economic, social and political life in a way that we think best and in consonance with our own ideals and according to the genius of our people”.


I Stand Only with The Right

I must stand with anybody who stands right; Stand with him while he is right;

Part with him when he goes wrong.
I will stand by my belief. Always, yes always.

I am not bound to win; but I am bound to be true.

I am not bound to succeed; but I am bound to live by the light that I have.

World cannot change me because I fear only from Allah (God)