Indian empire under rule of Moghul Emperor Muhi Uddin Muhammad Aurangzeb (1618-1707) included Qandhar (Afghanistan) in the West to Bengal in the East and Kabul (Afghanistan) plus Indus valley in the North to Kaveri deep in the South. (Aurangzeb and Alamgir are titles. Aurangzeb means Ornament of Throne and Alamgir means the great man.)
British East India Company (established in England during 1600) obtained permission for establishing a trade office in Southern India from government of Aurangzeb Alamgir. After about half a century, the company started bringing in British Army personnel in the name of company security and started secretively getting support of Hinu tribes against the Muslim government. Their clandestine activities got accelerated when Mughal government became weak after death of Aurangzeb. By 1750 East India Company had established an army of its own. During 1757, East India Company with the help of Hinu Rajas and a traitor, Mir Jafar defeated Muslim army in Bengal. Later, British East India Company defeated Muslim army in South India with help of Hinu Rajas and a traitor, Mir Sadiq, and established their rule in Bengal and South India. With the decline of Mughal Emperors, East India Company accelerated its clandestine operations and finally attacked the capital, Delhi of Mughal Empire in 1857. In 1858, the reign of government came directly under British Crown.
Hindus accepted the British Rule but Most of the Muslims of India considered them foreign intruders as such killing of Muslims continued. All scholars, people of special skills, clergy and influential people were killed by the British Forces, and their properties confiscated.
Masajid (Mosques) used to be centres of learning not only religion but also mathematics, physics, chemistry, history, geography etc. These institutions were discontinued, and their properties confiscated. Killing of Muslims and confiscation of their properties continued. As a result, properties of our ancestors spread over several villages in Punjab were confiscated and some of them were killed during 1870s. My great-grandfather escaped with his wife and little kids and took refuge in State Jammu and Kashmir. Youngest child with him was an infant, my Dada (paternal grandfather).