Sound that Keeps Resounding Around Globe

There is only one sound that keeps sounding all over the world.
May it be day or night, may it be spring, summer, autumn or winter, may it be dry hot weather or freezing cold, it keeps resounding, and hearing it the followers get moving (for prayers).

It is the sound . . . . . Allah o Akbar . . . . . Allah o Akbar
. . . . . . . . . . (God is The Greatest . . . . God is The Greatest)

It sounds about an hour and a half before sunrise in Indonesia for the early morning prayer known as ‘Fajar Prayer’. Leading the sun, it keeps resounding in Malaysia, Bangla Desh, India, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Iran, Gulf States, Saudi Arabia, Iraq, Palestine, Europe, UK, Egypt, Libya, Tunisia and other countries in Africa and reaches Morocco. By that time, it has been sounded for the Mid-day Prayer in Indonesia.

After Morocco when the call for Early morning prayer is sounded in New York (USA), the call for After-noon Prayer sounds in Indonesia. And during this time the call for Mid-day Prayer has sounded in the countries to west of Indonesia and East of New York according to their times of the day.

When call for the Early Morning Prayer sounds in California (USA), call for the Prayer after sunset had been sounded in Indonesia, in the mean time in some countries calls for Mid-day Prayers have been sounded while in some other countries calls for After-noon Prayer have been sounded.

Before the call for Early Morning Prayer is sounded in Hawaii, the call for the Last Evening Prayer is sounded in Indonesia while in some countries call for Prayer after Sunset, in some other call for After-noon Prayer and in still some other countries for Mid-day Prayer has been sounded.

After Hawaii, the call for the Early Morning Prayer is sounded in Australia then in Japan then Philippines, after which the call for Early Morning Prayer of the next day is sounded in Indonesia.

Soob-han Allah wa be Hamdeh (Hallelujah, Praise be to God)

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This is Lahore

Lahore, the capital of Punjab Province, is considered heart of Pakistan. Lahore’s distance from Islamabad, the capital of Pakistan, via Motorway is 382 Km and 367 Km via Grand Trunk Road. The Grand Trunk road, which is over 2500 kilometers long, was built more than 6 centuries back during Muslim rule in India. Here are a few of the many historic places of Lahore
اکبری دروازہبھاٹی دروازہدہلی دروازہروشنائی دروازہشاہ عالمی دروازہشیراں والا دروازہلاہوری دروازہمستی دروازہموچی دروازہموری دروازہٹکسالی دروازہیکی دروازہ
Below is Badshai Masjid (Mosque) from outside and inside. This was built during 1672 – 1674 AD under the orders of Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb. This remained the largest mosque on earth till 1986 AD.
Minar i Pakistan and Badshahi MasjidBadshahi Masjid 1Badshahi Masjid 2
Below is gate of mausoleum of Zeb-un-Nisa (known as Dai Anga) was an obstetrix (mid-wife) of Shahab-ud-din Muhammad Khurram latter who became to be known as Emperor Shah Jahan (8 Nov 1627 – 2 Aug 1658). She was well respected among the royal family.
Dai Anga
Below is Masjid (Mosque of) Wazir Khan built near Dehli Gate during 1634-1641 AD during the reign of the Mughal Empror Shah Jehan
Masjid Wazir Khan
Below is Shalimar Bagh (Garden) was completed in 4 years from 1637 to 1641 AD. The project management was carried out under the superintendence of Khalilullah Khan, a noble of Mughal Emror, Shah Jehan’s court, in cooperation with Ali Mardan Khan
Shalimar
Two houses to show the culture of Lahore
An Old House in Lahore
Gawalmandi Lahore
A very old shopping centre for ladies and gents that still is in tact
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Anarkali bazar
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Lahore - Anarkali Market - 003
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men-in-anarkali
Very Old portion of the market
Old-Anarkali-Lahore-Bomb-Blast
Ancient Residential Area that still exists
Ancient Buildings
Latest Additions during last 5 years
Metro Bus
Metro Bus Lahore 1.phpMetro-Bus-Lahore 2
Minar-e-Pakistan Interchange
Minar-i-Pakistan Interchange
Other Interchanges

DCIM100MEDIA

DCIM100MEDIA

Lahore-Ring-Road-10

God Gifted Country

Pakistan is, no doubt, a gift of God to us. God has blessed Pakistan with highest mountains of world-fame, snow covered mountains, green mountains, stone mountains, plateaus, fertile land and desert. On this land are lakes, rivers, canals and on one side is sea. All types of fruits and vegetables grow on it. A glimpse of the country:
ChilasHandrap Ghizer ValleyHunza and Nager Valley
Apples - Hunza ValleyHunza Ulter1, Ultar2 as seen from a height of 4000 metersKaghan ValleyLaspur Upper ChitralNaran547169_343282605741138_413812059_nimage002image004image009KimariRestaurant Do Darya Karachi

Can Animals Sense Earthquakes?

The belief that animals can predict earthquakes has been around for centuries.

In 373 B.C., historians recorded that animals, including rats, snakes and weasels, deserted the Greek city of Helice in droves just days before a quake devastated the place.

Accounts of similar animal anticipation of earthquakes have surfaced across the centuries since. Catfish moving violently, chickens that stop laying eggs and bees leaving their hive in a panic have been reported. Countless pet owners claimed to have witnessed their cats and dogs acting strangely before the ground shook—barking or whining for no apparent reason, or showing signs of nervousness and restlessness.

But precisely what animals sense, if they feel anything at all, is a mystery. One theory is that wild and domestic creatures feel the Earth vibrate before humans. Other ideas suggest they detect electrical changes in the air or gas released from the Earth.
Earthquakes are a sudden phenomenon. Seismologists have no way of knowing exactly when or where the next one will hit. An estimated 500,000 detectable quakes occur in the world each year. Of those, 100,000 can be felt by humans, and 100 cause damage.

One of the world’s most earthquake-prone countries is Japan, where devastation has taken countless lives and caused enormous damage to property. Researchers there have long studied animals in hopes of discovering what they hear or feel before the Earth shakes in order to use that sense as a prediction tool.

American seismologists, on the other hand, are skeptical. Even though there have been documented cases of strange animal behavior prior to earthquakes, the United States Geological Survey, a government agency that provides scientific information about the Earth, says a reproducible connection between a specific behavior and the occurrence of a quake has never been made.

“What we’re faced with is a lot of anecdotes,” said Andy Michael, a geophysicist at USGS. “Animals react to so many things—being hungry, defending their territories, mating, predators—so it’s hard to have a controlled study to get that advanced warning signal.”
In the 1970s, a few studies on animal prediction were done by the USGS “but nothing concrete came out of it,” said Michael. Since that time the agency has made no further investigations into the theory.

Erratic Behavior in Dogs
Researchers around the world continue to pursue the idea, however. In September 2003 a medical doctor in Japan made headlines with a study that indicated erratic behavior in dogs, such as excessive barking or biting, could be used to forecast quakes.

There have also been examples where authorities have forecast successfully a major earthquake, based in part on the observation of the strange antics of animals. For example, in 1975 Chinese officials ordered the evacuation of Haicheng, a city with one million people, just days before a 7.3-magnitude quake. Only a small portion of the population was hurt or killed. If the city had not been evacuated, it is estimated that the number of fatalities and injuries could have exceeded 150,000.
The Haicheng incident is what gave people hope that earthquakes might be predictable, says Michael, and what prompted the animal behavior studies by the USGS.

It was later discovered, though, that a rare series of small tremors, called foreshocks, occurred before the large quake hit the city.

It was the foreshock sequence that gave (Chinese officials) the solid prediction,” Michael said.
Still, the Chinese have continued to look at animal behavior as an aid to earthquake prediction. They have had several notable successes and also a few false alarms, said Rupert Sheldrake, a biologist and author of the books, Dogs that Know When Their Owners Are Coming Home and The Sense of Being Stared At.

A reproducible connection between animal behavior and earthquakes could be made, he said, but “as the Chinese have discovered, not all earthquakes cause unusual animal behavior while others do. Only through research could we find out why there might be such differences.”

Sheldrake did his own study looking at animal reactions before major tremors, including the Northridge, California, quake in 1994, and the Greek and Turkish quakes in 1999.

In all cases, he said, there were reports of peculiar behavior beforehand, including dogs howling in the night mysteriously, caged birds becoming restless, and nervous cats hiding.

Geologists, however, dismiss these kinds of reports, saying it’s “the psychological focusing effect,” where people remember strange behaviors only after an earthquake or other catastrophe has taken place. If nothing had happened, they contend, people would not have remembered the strange behavior.

Reporting Strange Behavior
Sheldrake disagrees. Comparable patterns of animal behavior prior to earthquakes have been reported independently by people all over the world, he said. “I cannot believe that they could all have made up such similar stories or that they all suffered from tricks of memory.”

More research is needed and is long overdue, said Sheldrake, who proposes a special hotline or Web site where people could call or write in if they saw strange behavior in their animals. A computer would then analyze the incoming messages to determine where they originated. A sudden surge of calls or e-mails from a particular region might indicate that a quake was imminent.

The information would be checked to make sure the observations were not caused by other circumstances known to affect the behavior of animals, such as fireworks, or changes in weather. And to avoid issuing false warnings, Sheldrake said, the data would be used in conjunction with other monitoring devices such as seismological measurements.

“Such a project would capture the imagination of millions of people, encourage large-scale public participation and research—and would be fun,” he said. “What is holding this research back is not money but dogmatism and narrow-mindedness.”

Maryann Mott for National Geographic News November 11, 2003

‘Oldest’ Koran fragments found in Birmingham University

What may be the world’s oldest fragments of the Koran have been found by the University of Birmingham.
Radiocarbon dating found the manuscript to be at least 1,370 years old, making it among the earliest in existence.
The pages of the Muslim holy text had remained unrecognised in the university library for almost a century.
The British Library’s expert on such manuscripts, Dr Muhammad Isa Waley, said this “exciting discovery” would make Muslims “rejoice”.

The manuscript had been kept with a collection of other Middle Eastern books and documents, without being identified as one of the oldest fragments of the Koran in the world.
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(The fragments were written on sheep or goat skin)

Oldest texts
When a PhD researcher, Alba Fedeli, looked more closely at these pages it was decided to carry out a radiocarbon dating test and the results were “startling”. The university’s director of special collections, Susan Worrall, said researchers had not expected “in our wildest dreams” that it would be so old.
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“Finding out we had one of the oldest fragments of the Koran in the whole world has been fantastically exciting.”
The tests, carried out by the Oxford University Radiocarbon Accelerator Unit, showed that the fragments, written on sheep or goat skin, were among the very oldest surviving texts of the Koran.

“The person who actually wrote it could well have known the Prophet Muhammad… he would maybe have heard him preach.” Prof David Thomas, University of Birmingham

These tests provide a range of dates, showing that, with a probability of more than 95%, the parchment was from between 568 and 645. “They could well take us back to within a few years of the actual founding of Islam,” said David Thomas, the university’s professor of Christianity and Islam.

“According to Muslim tradition, the Prophet Muhammad received the revelations that form the Koran, the scripture of Islam, between the years 610 and 632, the year of his death.”
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Prof Thomas says the dating of the Birmingham folios would mean it was quite possible that the person who had written them would have been alive at the time of the Prophet Muhammad. “The person who actually wrote it could well have known the Prophet Muhammad. He would have seen him probably, he would maybe have heard him preach. He may have known him personally – and that really is quite a thought to conjure with,” he says.

First-hand witness
Prof Thomas says that some of the passages of the Koran were written down on parchment, stone, palm leaves and the shoulder blades of camels – and a final version, collected in book form, was completed in about 650.
He says that “the parts of the Koran that are written on this parchment can, with a degree of confidence, be dated to less than two decades after Muhammad’s death”.

“These portions must have been in a form that is very close to the form of the Koran read today, supporting the view that the text has undergone little or no alteration and that it can be dated to a point very close to the time it was believed to be revealed.”

The manuscript, written in “Hijazi script”, an early form of written Arabic, becomes one of the oldest known fragments of the Koran.

Because radiocarbon dating creates a range of possible ages, there is a handful of other manuscripts in public and private collections which overlap. So this makes it impossible to say that any is definitively the oldest.
But the latest possible date of the Birmingham discovery – 645 – would put it among the very oldest.

Precious survivor
Dr Waley, curator for such manuscripts at the British Library, said “these two folios, in a beautiful and surprisingly legible Hijazi hand, almost certainly date from the time of the first three caliphs”. The first three caliphs were leaders in the Muslim community between about 632 and 656.

Dr Waley says that under the third caliph, Uthman ibn Affan, copies of the “definitive edition” were distributed.
Muhammad Afzal of Birmingham Central Mosque said he was very moved to see the manuscript
“The Muslim community was not wealthy enough to stockpile animal skins for decades, and to produce a complete Mushaf, or copy, of the Holy Koran required a great many of them.”
Dr Waley suggests that the manuscript found by Birmingham is a “precious survivor” of a copy from that era or could be even earlier.
“In any case, this – along with the sheer beauty of the content and the surprisingly clear Hijazi script – is news to rejoice Muslim hearts.”

The manuscript is part of the Mingana Collection of more than 3,000 Middle Eastern documents gathered in the 1920s by Alphonse Mingana, a Chaldean priest born near Mosul in modern-day Iraq. He was sponsored to take collecting trips to the Middle East by Edward Cadbury, who was part of the chocolate-making dynasty.

The Koran
Muslims believe the words of the Koran were revealed to the Prophet Muhammad by the angel Gabriel over 22 years from 610
It was not until 1734 that a translation was made into English, but was littered with mistakes
Copies of the holy text were issued to British Indian soldiers fighting in the First World War
On 6 October 1930, words from the Koran were broadcast on British radio for the first time, in a BBC programme called The Sphinx

The origins of the Koran (Discover how the Koran became part of British life)
The local Muslim community has already expressed its delight at the discovery in their city and the university says the manuscript will be put on public display.
“When I saw these pages I was very moved. There were tears of joy and emotion in my eyes. And I am sure people from all over the UK will come to Birmingham to have a glimpse of these pages,” said Muhammad Afzal, chairman of Birmingham Central Mosque.
The university says the Koran fragments will go on display in the Barber Institute in Birmingham in October.
Prof Thomas says it will show people in Birmingham that they have a “treasure that is second to none”.

By: Sean Coughlan (22 July 2015)