India’s Army Actions During Governor-Generalship of Lord Mountbatten

1. Ruler of princely state Gujarat Kathiawar announced accession with Pakistan. India attacked Gujarat Kathiawar and occupied it per force.

2. India attacked State in Southern India, Hyderabad Sikanderabad, and occupied per force.

3. State Jammu Kashmir was a collection of 7 states Jammu, Kashmir, Poonch, Gilgit, Baltistan, Laddakh, Bhadarwah and Jenani.

After August 15, 1947 Jammu Police searched houses of Muslims and took away even kitchen knives if blade was 5 inch or longer. Starage enough that houses of Hindus were not searched.
Trained armed groups of Rashtaria Sevak Sang, Hindu Mahasabha and Akali Dal protected by Indian army started entering Jammu through Gurdaspur and Kathuwa soon after declaration of Independence of Pakistan and India (August 15, 1947). *This passage to enter Jammu was provided by Boundary Commission of Sir Cyril Radcliffe.*
These India trained terrorists started killing Muslims in villages of Jammu, looting their houses and putting their crops on fire.
Later, regular Indian Army also entered Jammu and started giving coverage to Hindu and Sikh terrorists in killing Muslims, looting and arson. By end of September, 1947 when enough Indian army had enter and taken over control of borders of Jammu a& Kashmir, killing of Muslims in urban areas of Jammu started.

During September, 1947 Muslims of the state army and citizens in Gilgit and Baltistan announced their loyalty to Pakistan. They took over control of Gilgit & Baltistan and raised flag of Pakistan on the Governor House. Then they sent a messenger to Mr Muhammad Ali Jinnah in Karachi to send his representative to run the government there. The representative named Political Agent, arrived during first week of November, 1947 and took over the control.

By November 07, 1947 around 300,000 Muslims men, women and children had been killed in Jammu.

In the meantime, on October 27, 1947 Muslims of Jammu Kashmir started struggle against Indian army by snatching weapons from them and killing them. Lord Mountbatten, who had been cunningly appointed by the Indian government as Governor General of India, called fighter planes from Burma and bombarded the Kashmir villages to kill the freedom fighters. Muslim freedom fighter took over control of Muzaffarabd, Mirpur, Bhimber and part of Poonch, etc. with support of the citizens and announced accession to Pakistan

Visualising that the freedom struggle of Muslims was getting out of control of Indian Army, Sheikh Abdullah (who was in prison since 1934) wastaken out and made Prime Minister of Jammu Kashmir. Then Indian Prime Minister Nehru flew to UNO headquarter and begged for seize fire and accepted to allow fare and free elections in Jammu Kashmir to allow the people to join country of their choice, Pakistan or India which India is denying till today and world powers and UNO are sleeping on it because it is for Muslims. Had it been in favour of non-Mulim, world powers would have jumped in and UNO would have passed resolution to allow world powers a military action.

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After Independence

Millions of destitute Muslims reached Pakistan from different areas of India. Even to provide them food and shelter was a colossal job. The share of Pakistan in assets was never given to Pakistan, thanks to close relation between British government and Hindu leaders.
Such a handicapped Pakistan had to arrange for resettlement of millions of refugees including thousands injured who reached Pakistan from India.
Pakistan didn’t have even enough currency notes thus people who were given job were given wheat flour, rice, lentils, etc plus some currency for first 3 months. In offices there was no furniture. People collected wood crates from near the sea port and used those as tables. They were given used paper sheets with one side blank which were used in correspondence and nobody felt bad, instead they had high spirit of hard work and cooperation.

Some pictures of Refugee Camps, mainly established in Lahore.

Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah listening to Refugees how they were driven out of their houses

There were no female doctors and nurses. Begum Ra’ana Liaquat Ali (wife of Prime Minister) went to streets and house with appeal to young women and girls to come out of their houses and help the needy women. Thousands of them came out. Those who had some knowledge of nursing started working forthwith and the rest were given short nursing courses after which they also joined the volunteer work. Thousands of men also came out to help the refugees who had become their Pakistani brother. This continued for over 2 years till every family was settled in house and had some earning facility.
Such was the spirit of people of Pakistan.
I don’t know where that has got lost. I get badly hurt when I see hear some from the new generation say, “Is Pakistan a country worth living?”
They forget that this country had made them what they are today and instead of being grateful to Allah Soob-hanohoo wa Ta’ala (God, all praise be for Him) for gifting such a nice country and for making them stand on their feet, they are showing pride.

Pakistan has been blessed by Allah Azzu wa jall (God Almighty) with everything. It houses some of the highest mountains in the world, Glaciers, snow-bound mountains, green mountains, green fields, rivers, man-made water channels, sea, sandy desert. A large variety of good quality fruits, vegetables and grains grow in Pakistan. Some of the fruits, vegetables and grains growing in Pakistan are the best quality in the world. A few examples are mango Chaunsa, mango Anwar Ratole, Basmati rice, wheat,

Massacre of Muslims, Loot and Arson

Weapons were withdrawn from all Muslims in army and Police while all Hindus and Sikhs were allowed to retain their weapons. On June 3, 1947, Lord Mountbatten announced the Partition Plan on basis of districts, triggering unprecedented acts of communal violence, especially in Bengal and Punjab. Armed trained groups of Rashtariya Sevak Sang, Hindu Maha Sabha and Akali Dal started killing Muslims, looting their houses and abducting young women & girls.
Riots first started in Amritsar followed by Lahore, Delhi, and Calcutta. This made clear that the plan was in the knowledge of Hindus, and to render Muslims defenceless, weapons from Muslims in the army and police had been withdrawn. Violence climaxed with the start of August 1947.
It was only on August 17, 1947, that the Punjab Boundary Award was finally made public which further aggravated the communal violence. During the following months until October 1947, the province of Punjab was the scene of numerous mass killings of Muslims.

Riots of 1947
Only a few scenes of what happed to Muslims during riots of 1947 in pictures which were published in British press.

This is how Muslims ousted from their houses and lands had to travel to Pakistan.

Ousted Muslims near railway stations waited for several days or weeks

Ousted Muslims, travelling on foot and Bullock Carts, resting for a while on way to Pakistan

picture 4 – This is how Muslims ousted from their houses & lands travelled because every month only 1 or 2 trains headed for Pakistan. Shown 2 trains fully packed inside and on top while they will go with a gap of 2 to 4 weeks.

Trains carrying Muslims to Pakistan from different Provinces of India were attacked and they were killed. Trains reached Lahore Railway station full of blood, corpses and few badly injured people.

A scene of a small railway station in India from where the train passed carrying Muslims to Pakistan

Dead bodies of Muslims which were thrown in the river reached Pakistan

Dead bodies of Muslims slaughtered in India were buried in numerous mass graves

According to Australian newspaper of 25th September, 1947, 3,000 Muslims were massacred in one train in India.
https://trove.nla.gov.au/newspaper/article/36001501